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Japanese Encephalitis and Other in India

08 July 2011

Now that the monsoon season has begun in the north of India, cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) are being reported from the JE endemic area of Uttar Pradesh state. As of 5 July 2011, 20 cases of JE and 3 deaths have been reported from Gorakhpur, Deoria, Kushinagar, Basti, Siddharthanagar, Sant Kabir Nagar and Maharajganj.

An outbreak of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) of undetermined aetiology is also occurring in these areas at this time, as of 5 July 2011, 450 cases and 77 deaths. AES is not a mosquito-borne viral infection.

Advice for Travellers

Japanese encephalitis vaccine is available for those considered to be at risk. Avoidance of mosquito bites by covering up, using insect repellent and impregnated bed nets is essential. Travellers should also maintaim a high standard of food, water and personal hygiene whilst in this area.