The media has reported a significant increase in cases of Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Afghanistan with the provinces of Herat and Takhar being particularly affected. In the 7 days up to the end of June 2023, there were 90 cases reported. Five fatalities due to CCHF have also been reported.
Health officials in affected provinces are swiftly implementing measures to contain the outbreak.
CCHF is a potentially fatal tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever. It is found in over 30 countries in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and Eastern/Southern Europe.
CCHF is spread by ticks infected from an animal reservoir such as cattle, sheep and goats. It can also be transmitted by having contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected animal or person.
CCHF is extremely rare in travellers. Those with an increased risk are those visiting an endemic region who may:
Travellers with an increased risk of infection should be aware of the disease and prevent transmission by:
There is no vaccine against CCHF available for use in the UK.
For further information see the Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever page.